Carnivalesque World in the Novel One Hundred Years of Solitude
Yüzyıllık Yalnızlık Romanında Karnavalesk Dünya

Author : Havva Aşı
Number of pages : 195-211


Novel is a literary genre that takes its source from human life. The novel, which has been examined in different ways since its first writting, has a multi-dimensional structure. This structure, which Mihail Bahtin expresses as carnivalesque, provides the opportunity to explain the novel with the concepts of polyphony, heteroglossia, chronotope, menippos satire and grotesque. It is possible to see the concrete examples of these concepts that Bahtin brought to the world of literature in Gabriel Garcia Marquez's novel One Hundred Years of Solitude. This novel by the auther is considered to be the masterpiece of magical realism movement. Marquez puts the family tree of Buendia family, different social classes, life cycle, the opposite reality of life into an imaginary world and presents it to the reader with carnivalesque structure in his novel One Hundred Years of Solitude. It is not sufficient to examine the novel One Hundred Years of Solitude with the traditional approach by limiting it to titles such as plot, people of novel, time, place, narrator and point of view to understand the value of the novel. Bahtin distracts the view of the novel from traditionalism and looks at the narrative between dream and reality with a carnivalesque approach. This view makes all the parts of the narrative even the details of the narrative valuable by making clear sense of the novel. The aim of this study is to enlighten the magical world of the novel which recalls tales by exemplifying the carnivalesque world in One Hundred Years of Solitude, polyphony, chronotope, grotesque and the concepts of menippos satire with sections from the novel and to show that the novel One Hundred Years of Solitude carries the features of Bahtin's carnivalesque novel in detail.


One Hundred Years of Solitude, carnivalesque, polyphony, chronotope, menippos satire, grotesque


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