Compound verbs formed with the compounding of a noun and an auxiliary verb or two different verbs to meet a different concept are seen in every term of Turkish language. Potential verb takes place in the structures which are called compound verbs and it has been one of the most important topics in Turcology in terms of both its function and usage characteristics. Observed since the early periods of written Turkish language, dynamic modality demonstrate the possibility or capacity of the action or the process observed in the verb. The possibility modal is expressed not merely by the use of the morphological form, but also by the syntactic structure of other forms. Uzbek Turkish which is the contemporary heirs of Chagatai Turkish and having a special place in Turcology research is a rich literary language in terms of compound verbs especially descriptive verbs. They are stated in Uzbek Turkish with descriptive verbs such as ol- “to take”, bol- “to be”, bil- “to be able”, yet- “to be enough” and syntactic structures formed with nouns such as mumkin “possible”, mayli “alright, ok, sure” and kerak “necessary”. This study deals with these structures which are classified in dynamic modality category and mean competence, possibility, probability, permission, and prohibition. In accordance with examples determined from the works written in Uzbek Turkish; this syntactic structures phonetic features, usage types and functions are also studied.
Uzbek Turkish, dynamic modality, potential verb, compound verbs, descriptive verbs.