The Effect of Cinema in the Novel of Labyrinth of Alain Robbe-Grillet


Cinema and literature can be accepted as two domains affecting each other. While literature works and stories are the creation resource of cinema, it is seen that the modern literature period's works especially make use of cinema in a technical way. The French writer A. Robbe - Grillet, who was regarded as the chef of "New Novel" in 1950's, makes use of cinema techniques widely in his novels. The novel of Labyrinth (Dans le Labyrinthe) includes the story of a soldier who wishes to deliver his dead friend's goods to his address. The soldier dies without delivering his friend's goods in a city resembling labyrinth. The novel doesn't include a stable description and narration, rather; it includes the mobile scenes of a camera. In the narration, there is a instant movement. The disconnectedness, instant transitions and flashbacks presented in the flow of the story can be said to be the results of using cinema techniques in the novel. From the beginning of the novel to the end, there is a transition of description of scenes without completing each other. There are such variety of instant transitions in the outside places, insides or in different places that it is very difficult to find out which scene is depicted. These similar features also seem in these presentations of people and objects. While these camera and view techniques make the other parts of the novel vivid, it also makes it hard to follow the story through the usage of transitions and repetitions instead of making it easy. The writer adopts show technique rather than narrative technique. If the flow of storylines in the novel boils down to a picture, Robbe - Grillet presents the storylines either in a assembly technique using the different scenes or giving storylines focusing on its different place in each shoot instead of giving the parts of the picture a compositional coherence.


Keywords


Cinema, point of view, technique, description, narration.

Author : RIFAT GÜNDAY
Number of pages: 392-400
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/ijlet.39668
Full text:
International Journal of Languages Education
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