Polish-Turkish Dictionary Studies in Historical Process
Tarihsel Süreçte Lehçe-Türkçe Sözlük Çalışmaları

Author : Sercan HALAT - Ewa Siemieniec-Gołaś
Number of pages : 235-243

Abstract

Dictionaries are the sources that contain the vocabulary, cultural elements, traditions and dynamics of a society. By looking at dictionaries which contain the names, phrases, proverbs, stereotypes, terms and metaphors in alphabetical order, it is possible to make sociological and cultural determinations of a language-speaking community during a certain period or throughout the whole historical process. In addition to the protection of linguistic and cultural heritage and their transfer to future generations, dictionaries are an integral part of language teaching. In this study from past to present Polish-Turkish dictionaries have been researched and introduced. As a result of this biographical study, which qualitative research method is used, five dictionaries were found totally. The first of these is the “Thesaurus Linguarum Orientalium Turcicae, Arabicae, Persicae”, written by Franciszek Meninski in 1680. In this dictionary, which consists of about 6080 columns, in the richest form of Turkish vocabulary until the 20th century, the words in Ottoman Turkish have Latin, German, Italian, French and Polish counterparts. The second dictionary is“Dzieje tureckie i utarczki kozackie z Tatary....”, written by Marcin Paszkowski in 1615. This book, which consists of twelve chapters and tells the heroic stories about the Tatar and Turks, contains a thematic Polish-Turkish dictionary with a few hundred words. In addition to these two dictionaries, four Polish-Turkish dictionary which can be considered within the scope of modern dictionary studies are introduced in detail.

Keywords

Lexicography, Polish-Turkish dictionaries, vocabulary.

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