Language, which optimizes the act of speaking which is one of the most significant features of human beings, is the most ancient thinking agents. As is the case in the previous centuries, the language itself, whether it is the artefact of oral or written culture, has still been sustaining its features as one of the most influential communication agents in the 21st century. Since narrative related to language has a specific function semantically. Thus, narrative includes every kind of written and visual agents from literature to rhetoric, animated cartoon to ballet and opera to advertisement. The meaning beneath the surface of the narrative is constructed as a result of various agents’ combination or separation. In other words, written, visual and verbal narrative alter as a consequence of each agent’s interaction with one another. Because of this fact, language improves in its historical process. Even though the aim of this study is to review the language improvement in general, it is also of great significance to define ‘language’ in terms of literary theories such as psychoanalytic criticism, structuralism, semiology, intertextuality. Another aim of this study is to trace how the language is formed and how it reached its polyphonic position in its historical process. Even though written language, in other words literary language, which has formed its systematic structure by disengaging itself from oral language, can be an artefact of social, cultural and ideological structure, it still attempts at improving in the sense that the subconscious structures, extraordinary syntax and intertextual references are employed by the authors.
Language, psychoanalytic criticism, structuralism, semiology, intertextuality