Istihdam which took its place among the meaning arts as a elequence term is one of the arts that is discussed rarely and in a different shape in eloquence books. Istihdam which is lost among meaning arts as pun, connotation, müsakhele, tavcih, mugâlata-i maneviyye and cinâs-ı manevî could sometimes be used instead of these arts. In the art, beside being used different words in the same phrase for a word with two meanings; there’s imlied a meaning with itself and the other meaning with its pronoun or there’s explained different meanings with each both pronouns.In the art, other words are served to an ambiguous word and words which are convenient to the meanings are selected. This one of the literary art which is based on word repeatings, did not take its place among many rhetoric books, and it is given in a different shape in some rhetoric books. Some arts like tevriye, musakhele and tavcih which are about some words that has many meanings, took their place in an unity in rhetoric books but istihdam took its place in a few books because this art is not accepted as a fundamental art. There’s no unity about this subject among books and while not placing in one of the first rhetoric book Miftâhu’l-ulûm ,it’s placed in detailed explainer Kazvinî’s el-Îzâh. In rhetoric books after Tanzimat, its placed in some books and there’s mentioned as an another name of another art. In this article, this art is researched from rhetoric books and put forth in a comparative way.
Rhetoric, literary art, istihdam, classify, description.