Tales which have been narrated orally mean lexially as touching and meaningful statements, stories good in terms of manners and morality; a literary genre depicting extraordinary events happened to human beings and gods, which are generally generated by public, narrated orally, and handed down from generation to generation (Turkish Dictionary 2005). The main aim of works written in this genre is to give advice to individuals and society, to help them comrehend certain facts and events, to educate, and entertain them. Works in this genre, though small in size, which were produced orally first, and then turned into written form carry great significance in terms of the message they convey. In other words, tales are like hidden seeds within the stone of fruit. Like big stones which have been eroded for centuries, and appeared so beautifully, tales are a collection of ideas which have been distilled for centuries. Therefore, tales are the best way to express human values succintly. The works in this genre can be regarded as distilled wisdom, and it is difficult to state them in another form. Tale and its elements which contain the accumulation of centuries can easily adapt to daily life, and remain lively in every period as they have a flexible structure. In this study, the tales, and their topics written by Ak Welsapar, one of the significant representatives of the current Turkman literature abroad, and his thoughts about this genre will be dwelt upon; also, on the basis of the works in this genre, some assessments will be made regarding the place, and significance of tales on Turkman literature, culture, and social life.
Tale, Ak Welsapar, Turkman literature, Turkish dialects, Soviet Union.