Comparison of Speaking and Writing Skills in Turkish Teaching or Foreigners: A Practice for Syrian Students
Yabancılara Türkçe Öğretiminde Konuşma ve Yazma Becerilerinin Karşılaştırılması: Suriyeli Öğrencilere Yönelik Bir Uygulama

Author : Demet KARDAŞ
Number of pages : 71-84

Summary

The basic approach in teaching Turkish to foreigners in addition to vocabulary teaching is to comprehend grammar rules and to gain the ability to make correct sentences in oral and written expression, to express their feelings and thoughts within the framework of these rules. However, in order to communicate verbally, it is necessary to learn social linguistic rules as well as phonetics, morphology and spelling. Revealing students' deficiencies in writing skills and directing students accordingly are more permanent than speaking skills. Therefore, speaking and writing skills based on narrative do not show simultaneous development in teaching Turkish as a foreign language. The aim of this study is to compare the oral and written expression skills of Syrian students who learn Turkish. The study is a practical qualitative research on students' speaking and writing skills. In the research, students' voice recordings and writing practice papers were used as data collection tools. The sample of the study is 22 Syrian students studying at Gazi University Gazi TÖMER with YTB scholarship. The Syrian students were selected for the study group because they have started to TOMER after one or two years experience in Turkey and they can speak Turkish as A1 level differently from other students. In practice, after the students' voice recordings were written, the documents related to the speaking and writing skills of the students were examined with the Simple Concordance Program, and the word frequencies in the speaking and writing skills of the students were obtained. At the same time, quantitative elements related to vocabulary have been identified. According to the results of the research, students' writing skills are more advanced than speaking skills and they use more words while writing; verbal expression was found to have trouble finding and remembering words and using the word in the right place. According to this, the skill of speaking in foreigners should be given equal importance with other skills in teaching Turkish; students should be given the opportunity to use the language in a social environment.

Keywords

Teaching Turkish to foreigners, speaking skill, writing skill.

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