Bavarian School System
Bavyera Okul Sistemi

Author : Mustafa ÇAKIR
Number of pages : 60-80


The Bavarian School System is student centered system. Pre-school education is not compulsory and depends on the wish of the family. The compulsory school age begins at the age of six, and after four years of primary school there is the possibility to attend the following schools: Mittelschule (secondary school that prepares and directs vocational education) Realschule (upper secondary school), Gymnasium (secondary and high school targeting higher education). Although these schools are determined according to the student's success, the opinions of teachers and parents are important. The parents can send their child to a school of their choice, if they so wish. If the student is successful, he / she continues to the school of his / her parents and if this is the case, he / she continues to the type of school determined by the teacher. In addition to these schools, there are school types for the children who need special education, which have different types of schools that are separated from schools (Förderschulen) and Mittelschule, Realschule or Gymnasium. In Bavaria, with the completion of the state-wide project in 1994, there are five private school models (integriert) or co-operative school (Kooperative Gesamtschulen), where all school types are taught as Schulen besonderer Art.


Bavarian School System, Grundschule, Mittelschule, Realschule, Gymnasium, Berufsschule.

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