Multilingual and Multi-Cultural Cities: The Example of Moscow and Istanbul
Çok Dilli ve Çok Kültürlü Şehirler: Moskova ve İstanbul Örneği

Author : Reşat Şakar
Number of pages : 380-391


In this study, Moscow and Istanbul are considered as multilingual and multicultural cities. With globalization and urbanization, linguistic and cultural diversity is emerging in cities. In this context, Moscow and Istanbul, which are the leading cities in the countries and regions they belong to, and where urbanization coincides with early history, are obvious examples of multilingual and multicultural cities in terms of social, cultural, commercial, political and etc. aspects. First of all, definitions of bilingualism, multiculturalism concepts, reasons and results of them are emphasized. Then, Moscow, which is one of the most populous city in the world and also a capital city and İstanbul, which has a population of more than Moscow in terms of population, although it is not a capital city and it has the characteristics of being a capital city in terms of commercial, social and economic aspects are discussed in the context of multilingual and multicultural cities. The language and ethnicity in these cities are explained by supporting the statistical data obtained from official sources. Multilingualism and multiculturalism not only bring wealth to these cities structurally, but also bring about communication problems in different fields, especially education. In the conclusion section, the similarities and differences of two metropolitan cities as multilingual and multicultural cities are presented. From the statistical information given, it is clear that Moscow is ahead of Istanbul in terms of multilingualism and multiculturalism, although it is less than Istanbul in terms of population.


Multilingualism, Multiculturalism, Moscow, Istanbul, Migration, Urbanization.

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